Eratosthenes took of the “Ancient Map” exact geographical coordinates
of the “Oecumene.”
19.- Mathematic and cartographic evidences .
20.- Thule was never Iceland.
21.- Eratosthenes verified agreement of the “Ancient Map” with the equatorial circumference.
22.- Stadium (furlong): geodesic formula that harmonizes space and time, of fixed and static character, indispensable for making astronomical cartography.
23.- The Nomads learned how to read in the sky long before than the sedentaries to write in the ground.
Third Part : Possible cartographic technique in the Middle Age
24.- Distant antecedents of the marine quadrant.
25.- Origin of the American astronomical cartography .
26.- Behaim and the possible use of the marine quadrant.
27.- Pedro Reinel and his circumpolar map.
28. Scientific evidence of the translation of the Earth.
"HOMER TRAVELLED TO THE ARTIC CIRCLE ON BOARD OF A PHOENICIAN SHIP"
Félix Gajardo-Maldonado, of Chilean Society of History and Geography